So Long, Farwell

I am very grateful to have taken this class, despite the work load. It was very informative and entertaining. I enjoyed learning about African American music and its association with black culture. The book was very helpful in my clarifying my understanding genres like Folk, Spirituals, and Rhythm and Blues. It is a class that […]

The Bitter Living Under Equality Sound (B.L.U.E.S.)

By: Gabrielle Brim The Blues originated during the 1890s in the southern rural areas. Creativity of the blues occurred during the time of segregation and the Jim Crow laws  that were established to restrict social and economic progress of African Americans. The genre is usually sung solo; however, duets, quartets and background singers occur as […]

The Cultural Evolution of Hip-Hop

[embeddoc url=”” download=”none”]   Hip-hop was a cultural expression that first came about in the early 1970’s in the African-descent communities of Harlem and New York City. Hip-hop culture consisted of graffiti art, break-dancing, DJ-ing, and MC-ing, or rapping. Rap is the most popular element of hip-hop. It was derived from the cultural and verbal […]

The Essence of Black Musical Theater

Discuss the historical and socio-cultural significance of the productions A Trip to Coontown and Shuffle Along. To what extent was the music of these shows of African American origin? Identify at least two African American stars who emerged from these productions and discuss the full extent of their influence on African American musical theater. A […]

The Innovative Sounds of Earth Wind and Fire

By: Gabrielle Brim On April 6, 2018, my class and I watched Earth Wind and Fire’s 2004 concert with the Chicago band at the Greek Theater in Los Angeles, California.  Some of the members of this group included Phillip Bailey, Verdine White, Ralph Johnson, and Maurice White. Bailey was one of the lead vocalists in […]

“That Funky Stuff”

By: Gabrielle Brim Funky Roots Funk music was developed during the late 1960s by jazz and rhythm and blues musicians. Most of its musical elements were derived from the innovations of James Brown and Sly and the Family Stone. The rhythmic foundation of funk music, known as “The One” was obtained from James Brown’s song, […]

Classically Blind

By: Gabrielle Brim   Origins  Classical music’s early form dates back to the Medieval and Renaissance Period in Europe, where plainsong emerged.  Plainsong lacked a strict meter and was sung without musical background. This was eventually replaced with polyphonic music, which combines multiple melodic lines together. Following the Medieval Period, the Renaissance Period involved more […]

A Time for Ragging

By: Gabrielle Brim Origins Ragtime music originated during the late nineteenth century. It was created and popularized by wandering African American musicians who could not read or write music but relied on oral tradition. They established ragtime as a style of playing, and performed at bars and saloons after the Civil War. Ragtime eventually became […]

Nobody Can Take Away My Blues

By: Gabrielle Brim The blues originated in Mississippi during the late nineteenth century. Artists during this time performed at small shacks and were most likely not paid a lot or at all. However, Europeans were able to copy the elements of blues music and transform it into a new genre called rock and roll. As […]

Quartets: Music Four Our People

By: Gabrielle Brim After the American Civil War, institutions were established by Freedman’s Bureau and the American Missionary Association to help educate the emancipated slaves. Due to financial problems, these institutions formed musical groups to help fund their colleges and mission. Fisk University was the first to do so, and created a jubilee quartet as […]

Spirituals: The Real Old Time Religion

By: Gabrielle Brim and Rochelle Alexander Origins Negro spirituals are expressions of the soul, in which enslaved Africans sang of their spirituality with God. They emerged during the late nineteenth century within slavery. After the first Great Awakening, several slaves were converted to Christianity, which helped to foster Spirituals. Although enslaved persons were expected to […]

What’s up with Folk?

By: Gabrielle Brim and Rochelle Alexander Origins  Although folk music has no dated source of origin, its earliest recognition was during the 1800s. It can be implied that folk music was the music that embodied the culture of Africans before and during slavery. Since music was often integrated into the lives of Africans during celebrations, […]

Gabrielle Brim’s IME

Introduction My name is Gabrielle Brim. I am a sophomore, dual degree Math and Engineering student from Conley, Georgia. I plan to get my master’s Degree once I complete the dual degree program, but I am unsure of what subject. After obtaining my master’s degree, I plan to become a biomedical engineer and work in the […]