History of Jubilee Quartets

Jubilee Quartets were music groups that became popular in the early 20th century. The genre was very male dominated; however, there were some female groups that emerged into popularity. The groups were typically four members but sometimes had up to six members. 

The Golden Gate Quartet

The member of the Golden Gate Quarter were Willie Johnson, Henry Owens, William Langford, and Orlandus Wilson. Many of the their performances were on local radio shows and in churches. They achieved great success and performed in nearly 76 countries. 

Time Periods

Jubilee Period (1880-1929)

Transitional Period (1930-1945)

Gospel Period (1946-1969)

Wheat Street Female Quartet

The Wheat Street Female Quartet was the first female quartet group to record professionally. They were from Atlanta, Georgia and recorded a total of four titles for Columbia Records. The names of the women artists are unknown by the public. 

Conclusion

Although Jubilee Quartets were male dominated, women groups  like the Wheat Street Female Quartet were able to reach success. The genre as a whole has a unique and distinct sound crafted by mixing white and black musical sounds.