History of Jubilee Quartets
Jubilee Quartets were music groups that became popular in the early 20th century. The genre was very male dominated; however, there were some female groups that emerged into popularity. The groups were typically four members but sometimes had up to six members.
The Golden Gate Quartet
The member of the Golden Gate Quarter were Willie Johnson, Henry Owens, William Langford, and Orlandus Wilson. Many of the their performances were on local radio shows and in churches. They achieved great success and performed in nearly 76 countries.
Jubilee Period (1880-1929)
Transitional Period (1930-1945)
Gospel Period (1946-1969)
Wheat Street Female Quartet
The Wheat Street Female Quartet was the first female quartet group to record professionally. They were from Atlanta, Georgia and recorded a total of four titles for Columbia Records. The names of the women artists are unknown by the public.
Although Jubilee Quartets were male dominated, women groups like the Wheat Street Female Quartet were able to reach success. The genre as a whole has a unique and distinct sound crafted by mixing white and black musical sounds.