Influence of Jazz in America- Allison Carter

The 1930s and 1940s in America

The 1930s and the 1940s was a critical time for America.
It was a time of development due to the Great Depression, World War Ⅱ, and The Dust Bowl.
The Great Depression started in 1929 and lasted until 1939 leaving many Americans without jobs, homes, and money. Although, the war brought many hardships upon families, it did have one good outcome. The sound of jazz. During this time Traditional Jazz and Swing Jazz became a popular sound for the African American community.

Introduction to Jazz
-Started in New Orleans, Louisiana
-At first those who played jazz were looked down upon
-Blues and Ragtime were the foundations of Jazz
-In the early 1930s the sound of jazz expanded across the world
-Jazz and Blues were taken up north to Chicago by southerners who moved up north
-Kansas City was the hotspot for jazz musicians

Types of Jazz

Trad Jazz/New Orleans Jazz

Traditional mix of African and European music. It is also the earliest form of Jazz

Jazz Fusion/Afro-Cuban Jazz

Began in the 1940s, brought modern jazz in direct contact with its roots


Style of dancing with jazz music, soloists would improvise on melody

Free Jazz

Described as organized chaos to make a dramatic point. It is an improvised style of jazz.


Gillepsie, Parker, and Munk came together to produce a new type of jazz. Bepop was a new and creative path for musicians. It also gave musicians their own individual expressions

Honorable Mentions

Buddy Bolden

The first jazz legend. He is the father of jazz.

Coleman Hawkins

He established the saxophone to be a jazz instrument

Duke Ellington

Ellington was a composer and band leader who contributed to the cultural renaissance

Louis Armstrong

Most known for his clarity of tone and phrasing of the trumpet. he understood all elements of American music.

Bessie Smith

First female jazz vocalist. Nicknamed the "Empress of the Blues" She was also the most popular female jazz singer in the 1930s.

Billie Holiday

He was a swing singer also knows as Lady Day.

Dizzie Gillespsie

He was a trumpet player who performed afro-cuban jazz music

Miles Davis

Referred to as the "Birth of Cool" he also played the trumpet

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