The 1930s and the 1940s was a critical time for America. It was a time of development due to the Great Depression, World War Ⅱ, and The Dust Bowl. The Great Depression started in 1929 and lasted until 1939 leaving many Americans without jobs, homes, and money. Although, the war brought many hardships upon families, it did have one good outcome. The sound of jazz. During this time Traditional Jazz and Swing Jazz became a popular sound for the African American community.
Introduction to Jazz -Started in New Orleans, Louisiana -At first those who played jazz were looked down upon -Blues and Ragtime were the foundations of Jazz -In the early 1930s the sound of jazz expanded across the world -Jazz and Blues were taken up north to Chicago by southerners who moved up north -Kansas City was the hotspot for jazz musicians
Types of Jazz
Trad Jazz/New Orleans Jazz
Traditional mix of African and European music. It is also the earliest form of Jazz
Jazz Fusion/Afro-Cuban Jazz
Began in the 1940s, brought modern jazz in direct contact with its roots
Style of dancing with jazz music, soloists would improvise on melody
Described as organized chaos to make a dramatic point. It is an improvised style of jazz.
Gillepsie, Parker, and Munk came together to produce a new type of jazz. Bepop was a new and creative path for musicians. It also gave musicians their own individual expressions
The first jazz legend. He is the father of jazz.
He established the saxophone to be a jazz instrument
Ellington was a composer and band leader who contributed to the cultural renaissance
Most known for his clarity of tone and phrasing of the trumpet. he understood all elements of American music.
First female jazz vocalist. Nicknamed the "Empress of the Blues" She was also the most popular female jazz singer in the 1930s.
He was a swing singer also knows as Lady Day.
He was a trumpet player who performed afro-cuban jazz music
Referred to as the "Birth of Cool" he also played the trumpet