Funk originated in the 1960s. Funk samples continued to be used heavily in hip hop and various forms of electronic dance music. However, in the 1970s, funk itself was inspired used many of the same vocal styles that were used in African-American music in the 1960s, including singing influences from blues, gospel, jazz and doo-wop. Like these styles, funk used shouting and call and response.The call and response in funk can be heard between the lead singer and the band members who act as backup vocalists. Funk singers also performed using gestures, facial expressions, body posture, and popularized phrases. Phrases referred to language that was understood as Black vernacular.For example, funk songs included expressions such as “shake your money maker”, “funk yourself right out” and “move your boogie body”.
In the music, folk musicians raised awareness to issues faced by lower-income Blacks in their song lyrics. The Funk song “One Nation Under A Groove” is about the challenges that Blacks overcame during the Civil Rights movement. It served as an encouragement to capitalize on social and political opportunities.The Isley Brothers song “Fight the Power” has a political message also.Parliament’s song “Chocolate City” draws attention to the potential power in Black voters. Funk songs echoed political themes. These themes surrounded men and women standing their ground and fighting for their respect.