By Briaja Gilbert
Jazz Musicians & Composers
~ Billy Baldwin: First Jazz Musician to become popular amongst the general public.
~Louis Armstrong: Father of Jazz and creates the infamous “trumpet solo” within Jazz.
~PJ Harvey: One of the first Jazz female musical analyst.
~ Mary Lou Williams:Pianist and one of the first leading ladies in the jazz scene.
~King Buddy Bolden: Developed “jass” which became Jazz
~Joe Oliver: Known for use of mutes in jazz
~ Coleman Hawkins: established the saxophone as a serious jazz instrument.
~ James B. Johnson: Famous for playing piano with only his left hand and developed the Charleston
~Duke Ellington: Band leader & composer. Contributed to the Harlem Renaissance.
~Lester Young: Tenor Saxophone player with a timbre that was commonly known to be smooth & light.
~Charlie Parker: Jazz saxophonist, band leader, and composer.
~Benny Goodman: King of swing
~Jazz is more upbeat compared to classical music
~Jazz was looked at as a sin and those who participated were shamed
~Ragtime was the foundation of Jazz
~Jazz musicians were largely self taught
~Jazz took form in New Orleans, but musicians traveled to different parts of America including Detroit and Chicago
~At first African Americans were unable to record jazz music professionally due to whites having a dominance in the recording studio
~Soloists would spark up the overall Jazz band’s performance
~A study about Jazz stated that it brought up a new found expression of sexuality in American people
~ Harlem became the center of new music creation
~The Ellington Band Institution became an article so strong it is now placed with its own category of music
~Records became the most important way to spread jazz