• Jazz musicians were self-taught
  • Jazz was seen as a sin, and those who contributed were almost shamed
  • Ragtime was the foundation to jazz
  • Buddy Bolden = first New Orleans trumpet king
  • Louis Armstrong = father of jazz music, known for his trumpet 
  • New Orleans was the perfect environment for new genre of jazz
  • there were many work opportunities for musicians and music began to spread  here
  • Then jazz moved to East Coast
  • Dixie Jazz Band= white band,
  • Said they were the creators of jazz but we know that’s not true
  • Jazz was important in 1920s because it intrigued white and black people
  • Black southerners moved to Chicago and brought Jazz too
    • Chicago became center of jazz notice
  • Joe Oliver = One of the most famous jazz musicians in Chicago
  • Flappers embraced jazz
  • Coleman Hawkins = affiliated saxophone as a jazz instrument
  • A cultural renaissance taking place in Harlem
  • Duke Ellington originally  went to New York with his band, but eventually came to be known as the  band leader
  • Jazz became known internationally
  • Jane Harvey = one of the first female jazz artists
  • James B. Johnson was known for his skills on the piano and developed “The Charleston ” 
  • Kansas City became hub of southern and western Jazz players
  • Mary Marie Louis
  • Religious people still didn’t fully accept jazz
  • Hollywood would eventually use jazz bands within their productions
  • Bessie Smith
  • Billie Holiday 
  • Ella Fitzgerald
  • Rebop, Bebop and  Bop
  • Everybody played bebop in their unique ways 
  • Monk = blues bass but rhythmic 
  • Charlie Christian
  • Miles Davis