The Jubilee Quartet period began in the late nineteenth century. Beginning at Fisk University with The Fisk Jubilee Singers. The Fisk Jubilee Singers are an influential musical group that has impacted the way we view Negro Spiritual music to this day. Founded in 1871 at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee the group’s sole purpose was to raise money for the school. After facing financial crisis George L. White, the Fisk treasurer brought together nine chorus members from the school to save the school. Once other institutions noticed the success from the Fisk Jubilee Singers other HBCUs such as created jubilee quartets. Quartets consist of either male and/ or female singers who ensemble together of four to six voices that perform in close four-part harmony. In the 1940s originated quartet competitions were formed. These competitions were to promote quartet performances and uplift the black community. Competitions were held in churches, high schools, universities and community centers. Most often seen groups were The Fairfield Four, The Golden Gate Quartet, and The Dixie Hummingbirds.