The Waymakers of Jazz

/*! elementor – v3.8.0 – 30-10-2022 */ .elementor-heading-title{padding:0;margin:0;line-height:1}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title[class*=elementor-size-]>a{color:inherit;font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-small{font-size:15px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-medium{font-size:19px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-large{font-size:29px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xl{font-size:39px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xxl{font-size:59px} Early Men of Jazz /*! elementor – v3.8.0 – 30-10-2022 */ .elementor-widget-image{text-align:center}.elementor-widget-image a{display:inline-block}.elementor-widget-image a img[src$=”.svg”]{width:48px}.elementor-widget-image img{vertical-align:middle;display:inline-block} Out of every jazz musician to debut in the music industry, five of them helped to shape the genre widely known today as jazz, including […]

Roots of African Music

/*! elementor – v3.5.5 – 03-02-2022 */ .elementor-heading-title{padding:0;margin:0;line-height:1}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title[class*=elementor-size-]>a{color:inherit;font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-small{font-size:15px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-medium{font-size:19px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-large{font-size:29px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xl{font-size:39px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xxl{font-size:59px} Roots of African Music /*! elementor – v3.5.5 – 03-02-2022 */ .elementor-widget-divider{–divider-border-style:none;–divider-border-width:1px;–divider-color:#2c2c2c;–divider-icon-size:20px;–divider-element-spacing:10px;–divider-pattern-height:24px;–divider-pattern-size:20px;–divider-pattern-url:none;–divider-pattern-repeat:repeat-x}.elementor-widget-divider .elementor-divider{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.elementor-widget-divider .elementor-divider__text{font-size:15px;line-height:1;max-width:95%}.elementor-widget-divider .elementor-divider__element{margin:0 var(–divider-element-spacing);-ms-flex-negative:0;flex-shrink:0}.elementor-widget-divider .elementor-icon{font-size:var(–divider-icon-size)}.elementor-widget-divider .elementor-divider-separator{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;margin:0;direction:ltr}.elementor-widget-divider–view-line_icon .elementor-divider-separator,.elementor-widget-divider–view-line_text .elementor-divider-separator{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center}.elementor-widget-divider–view-line_icon .elementor-divider-separator:after,.elementor-widget-divider–view-line_icon .elementor-divider-separator:before,.elementor-widget-divider–view-line_text .elementor-divider-separator:after,.elementor-widget-divider–view-line_text .elementor-divider-separator:before{display:block;content:””;border-bottom:0;-webkit-box-flex:1;-ms-flex-positive:1;flex-grow:1;border-top:var(–divider-border-width) var(–divider-border-style) var(–divider-color)}.elementor-widget-divider–element-align-left .elementor-divider .elementor-divider-separator>.elementor-divider__svg:first-of-type{-webkit-box-flex:0;-ms-flex-positive:0;flex-grow:0;-ms-flex-negative:100;flex-shrink:100}.elementor-widget-divider–element-align-left .elementor-divider-separator:before{content:none}.elementor-widget-divider–element-align-left .elementor-divider__element{margin-left:0}.elementor-widget-divider–element-align-right .elementor-divider .elementor-divider-separator>.elementor-divider__svg:last-of-type{-webkit-box-flex:0;-ms-flex-positive:0;flex-grow:0;-ms-flex-negative:100;flex-shrink:100}.elementor-widget-divider–element-align-right .elementor-divider-separator:after{content:none}.elementor-widget-divider–element-align-right .elementor-divider__element{margin-right:0}.elementor-widget-divider:not(.elementor-widget-divider–view-line_text):not(.elementor-widget-divider–view-line_icon) .elementor-divider-separator{border-top:var(–divider-border-width) var(–divider-border-style) var(–divider-color)}.elementor-widget-divider–separator-type-pattern{–divider-border-style:none}.elementor-widget-divider–separator-type-pattern.elementor-widget-divider–view-line .elementor-divider-separator,.elementor-widget-divider–separator-type-pattern:not(.elementor-widget-divider–view-line) .elementor-divider-separator:after,.elementor-widget-divider–separator-type-pattern:not(.elementor-widget-divider–view-line) .elementor-divider-separator:before,.elementor-widget-divider–separator-type-pattern:not([class*=elementor-widget-divider–view]) .elementor-divider-separator{width:100%;min-height:var(–divider-pattern-height);-webkit-mask-size:var(–divider-pattern-size) […]

Black Music and Record Row

/*! elementor – v3.4.7 – 31-10-2021 */ .elementor-heading-title{padding:0;margin:0;line-height:1}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title[class*=elementor-size-]>a{color:inherit;font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-small{font-size:15px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-medium{font-size:19px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-large{font-size:29px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xl{font-size:39px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xxl{font-size:59px} What, Where, and why was “Record Row”? Record Row was located in Chicago, Illinois. Because black music was largely ignored, Record Row was created to give black artists a chance to make, create, and produce music. Multiple labels were under Record […]

Women of R&B

Women of R&B Patti LaBelle Early Life Patti LaBelle is referred to as the Godmother of Soul. She was born Patricia Louise Holte on May 24, 1944, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. LaBelle’s father, Henry Holte, was a railroad worker and club performer, and her mother, Bertha Holte, was a housewife. At age 10, LaBelle joined the […]

The Evolution of African and African American Music

/*! elementor – v3.4.8 – 16-11-2021 */ .elementor-heading-title{padding:0;margin:0;line-height:1}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title[class*=elementor-size-]>a{color:inherit;font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-small{font-size:15px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-medium{font-size:19px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-large{font-size:29px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xl{font-size:39px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xxl{font-size:59px} The Evolution of African Music to African American Music by Mariah Wolfe HIstory /*! elementor – v3.4.8 – 16-11-2021 */ .elementor-widget-divider{–divider-border-style:none;–divider-border-width:1px;–divider-color:#2c2c2c;–divider-icon-size:20px;–divider-element-spacing:10px;–divider-pattern-height:24px;–divider-pattern-size:20px;–divider-pattern-url:none;–divider-pattern-repeat:repeat-x}.elementor-widget-divider .elementor-divider{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.elementor-widget-divider .elementor-divider__text{font-size:15px;line-height:1;max-width:95%}.elementor-widget-divider .elementor-divider__element{margin:0 var(–divider-element-spacing);-ms-flex-negative:0;flex-shrink:0}.elementor-widget-divider .elementor-icon{font-size:var(–divider-icon-size)}.elementor-widget-divider .elementor-divider-separator{display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;margin:0;direction:ltr}.elementor-widget-divider–view-line_icon .elementor-divider-separator,.elementor-widget-divider–view-line_text .elementor-divider-separator{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center}.elementor-widget-divider–view-line_icon .elementor-divider-separator:after,.elementor-widget-divider–view-line_icon .elementor-divider-separator:before,.elementor-widget-divider–view-line_text .elementor-divider-separator:after,.elementor-widget-divider–view-line_text .elementor-divider-separator:before{display:block;content:””;border-bottom:0;-webkit-box-flex:1;-ms-flex-positive:1;flex-grow:1;border-top:var(–divider-border-width) var(–divider-border-style) var(–divider-color)}.elementor-widget-divider–element-align-left .elementor-divider .elementor-divider-separator>.elementor-divider__svg:first-of-type{-webkit-box-flex:0;-ms-flex-positive:0;flex-grow:0;-ms-flex-negative:100;flex-shrink:100}.elementor-widget-divider–element-align-left .elementor-divider-separator:before{content:none}.elementor-widget-divider–element-align-left .elementor-divider__element{margin-left:0}.elementor-widget-divider–element-align-right .elementor-divider .elementor-divider-separator>.elementor-divider__svg:last-of-type{-webkit-box-flex:0;-ms-flex-positive:0;flex-grow:0;-ms-flex-negative:100;flex-shrink:100}.elementor-widget-divider–element-align-right […]

The Legacy of Africa Within African American Music (2) – Kassandra Grullon

/*! elementor – v3.4.8 – 16-11-2021 */ .elementor-heading-title{padding:0;margin:0;line-height:1}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title[class*=elementor-size-]>a{color:inherit;font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-small{font-size:15px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-medium{font-size:19px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-large{font-size:29px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xl{font-size:39px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xxl{font-size:59px} The Legacy of Africa Within African American Music By: Kassandra Grullon Role of Music Music has a certain power that is able to capture and entice people. Music is able to connect, heal , and build communities. In communities of color […]

100 Years of Gospel

100 Years of Gospel 1920s—How it started https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eJaPrHBDkVM The song “He’s Got The Whole World In His Hands” was a spiritual written in 1927. Mahalia Jackson sang her version of the song in 1958. Mahalia Jackson was a gospel singer born in New Orleans, Louisiana, on October 26, 1911. Jackson’s parents were Charity Clark and […]

Missy “Misdemeanor” Elliot

/*! elementor – v3.6.4 – 13-04-2022 */ .elementor-heading-title{padding:0;margin:0;line-height:1}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title[class*=elementor-size-]>a{color:inherit;font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-small{font-size:15px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-medium{font-size:19px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-large{font-size:29px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xl{font-size:39px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xxl{font-size:59px} Who is Missy Elliot?  Melissa (Missy) Elliot is a renowned American rapper and song writer. According to Lane (2011), Missy Elliot joined the Sista R&B girls’ group in the mid-1990s where he began her music career. Elliot has significant influence in […]

The Commodification Of African American Music

/*! elementor – v3.4.8 – 16-11-2021 */ .elementor-heading-title{padding:0;margin:0;line-height:1}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title[class*=elementor-size-]>a{color:inherit;font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-small{font-size:15px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-medium{font-size:19px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-large{font-size:29px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xl{font-size:39px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xxl{font-size:59px} The Commodification of African American Music by Mariah Wolfe What is Commodification? Commodification describes the process by which something without an economic value gains economic value that can replace other social values. In music, commodification is music made for the sole […]

The Commodification of African American Music

/*! elementor – v3.4.8 – 16-11-2021 */ .elementor-heading-title{padding:0;margin:0;line-height:1}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title[class*=elementor-size-]>a{color:inherit;font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-small{font-size:15px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-medium{font-size:19px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-large{font-size:29px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xl{font-size:39px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xxl{font-size:59px} The Commodification of African American Music by Essence Ward Commodification is giving something that does not have an economic value a price tag. African American Music has been made a commodity throughout the ages. African Americans have had to fight to […]

Alannah Ross: Commodification of African American Music

/*! elementor – v3.4.8 – 16-11-2021 */ .elementor-heading-title{padding:0;margin:0;line-height:1}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title[class*=elementor-size-]>a{color:inherit;font-size:inherit;line-height:inherit}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-small{font-size:15px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-medium{font-size:19px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-large{font-size:29px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xl{font-size:39px}.elementor-widget-heading .elementor-heading-title.elementor-size-xxl{font-size:59px} Commodifications of African American Music /*! elementor-pro – v3.4.1 – 01-09-2021 */ .elementor-slides .swiper-slide-bg{-webkit-background-size:cover;background-size:cover;background-position:50%;background-repeat:no-repeat;min-width:100%;min-height:100%}.elementor-slides .swiper-slide-inner{background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:50%;position:absolute;top:0;left:0;bottom:0;right:0;padding:50px;margin:auto}.elementor-slides .swiper-slide-inner,.elementor-slides .swiper-slide-inner:hover{color:#fff;display:-webkit-box;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex}.elementor-slides .swiper-slide-inner .elementor-background-overlay{position:absolute;z-index:0;top:0;bottom:0;left:0;right:0}.elementor-slides .swiper-slide-inner .elementor-slide-content{position:relative;z-index:1;width:100%}.elementor-slides .swiper-slide-inner .elementor-slide-heading{font-size:35px;font-weight:700;line-height:1}.elementor-slides .swiper-slide-inner .elementor-slide-description{font-size:17px;line-height:1.4}.elementor-slides .swiper-slide-inner .elementor-slide-description:not(:last-child),.elementor-slides .swiper-slide-inner .elementor-slide-heading:not(:last-child){margin-bottom:30px}.elementor-slides .swiper-slide-inner .elementor-slide-button{border:2px solid #fff;color:#fff;background:transparent;display:inline-block}.elementor-slides .swiper-slide-inner .elementor-slide-button,.elementor-slides .swiper-slide-inner .elementor-slide-button:hover{background:transparent;color:inherit;text-decoration:none}.elementor–v-position-top .swiper-slide-inner{-webkit-box-align:start;-ms-flex-align:start;align-items:flex-start}.elementor–v-position-bottom .swiper-slide-inner{-webkit-box-align:end;-ms-flex-align:end;align-items:flex-end}.elementor–v-position-middle .swiper-slide-inner{-webkit-box-align:center;-ms-flex-align:center;align-items:center}.elementor–h-position-left .swiper-slide-inner{-webkit-box-pack:start;-ms-flex-pack:start;justify-content:flex-start}.elementor–h-position-right […]

The Kings of Funk and Soul

The Kings of Funk James Brown Early Life James Joseph Brown, known as James Brown or The Godfather of Soul, was born in Barnwell, South Carolina, on May 3, 1933. His parents were Susie and Joseph Gardner Brown. Initially, his name was supposed to be Joseph James Brown, but it was switched on his birth […]

John Coltrane

John Coltrane Who Is John Coltrane? Early Life John William Coltrane, known as John Coltrane was born on September 23, 1926 in Hamlet, North Carolina. Coltrane was a well known saxophonist and composer. His father was a tailor and part time musician. At a young age, Coltrane studied clarinet and alto saxophone. In 1945, Coltrane […]

Whitney Houston—She Understood the Assignment Everytime

Whitney Houston—She Understood the Assignment Everytime Early Life Family Whitney Houston was a singer and actress born in Newark, New Jersey, on August 9, 1963. Houston came from a musical family. Her mother, Cissy Houston, was a gospel singer. Cissy Houston made her name in the Drinkard Four gospel quartet. Cissy joined the Sweet Inspirations […]

If “Put Some Respect on My Name” Were a Person It Would Be Ma Rainey

If “Put Some Respect on My Name” Were a Person It Would Be Ma Rainey Blues Overview History of the Blues By the end of the 1910s, the new kind of music that formed throughout Southern communities was referred to as the blues. The genre of blues was not a new concept, it was a […]

Shedding Some Light on Underrated Jubilee Quartets

Shedding Some Light on Underrated Jubilee Quartets Jubilee Quartet Background History The Jubilee Quartet genre began in the mid-1800’s, which came from the African American university singing movement. There were three distinct periods throughout the progression of Jubilee Quartets. The first period was from 1880-1929 which is referred to as the jubilee period. The second […]

The Black Church

The Black Church The Difference Between Spirituals and Gospels Although Negro Spirituals and Gospel songs both are about freedom they have a few differences. Negro Spirituals are from the 19th century and Gospel songs began in the 20th century. Spirituals were religious folk songs by slaves that allowed them to speak on freedom when they […]

Folk Music Was Life Support For Slaves

Folk Music Was Life Support For Slaves What does Folk Music consist of? Folk music utilizes the drums, xylophone (also known as the balafo or balaphon), quills (a form of panpipes), horns and banjo. According to J. H. Kwabena Nketia folk music includes multipart rhythmic structures, repetitive choruses, a lead singer and a call-response. Folk […]

Robin Robinson

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5h_W4mDvkP0https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cQZqPi1aHNo