The Jubilee Quartet: A Male-Dominated Musical Genre

The Jubilee Quartet: A Male-Dominated Musical Genre by Lila Gilliam The Jubilee Quartet was birthed after the prevalence of Negro Spirituals being performed on collegiate and commercial levels. Jubilee was a popular genre throughout the late 1800s up until the 1960s, combining black and white musical practices including spirituals and folk. The general construction of […]

Zion Harmonizers–Staples of the Transitional Era In 2019, the Zion Harmonizers celebrated their Diamond Jubilee. That same year, they took part in the 50th annual Jazz Fest, a spot the group has  occupied every year since its inception, in the Gospel tent they helped to establish.     Established in 1939 in the Gert Town neighborhood of New Orleans, La, […]

Jubilee Quartets Transformation of Negro Spirituals

Jubilee Quartets Transformation of Negro Spirituals By MacKenzie Fox Jubilee Quartets Impact on Negro Spirituals Jubilee Quartets helped to transform negro spirituals into gospel during its transitional period. Quartets first began in the 1800’s with 3 different periods, Jubilee (1880-1929), Transitional (1930-1945) and Gospel (1946-1949). Gospel quartets consisted of a group singing updated versions of […]

Negro Spirituals: Selah Jubilee Singers

Spirituals or Negro Spirituals, consist of christian music that is from the creation of generations of African-Americans. Negro Spirituals often lyricize the struggles of the African-American community as well as African-American Cultural Traditions. Some famous groups and singers that performed Negro spirituals consist of The Fisk Jubilee singers, Hall Johnson and The Golden Gate Quartet. […]

1890s – 1900s

Jubilee Period (1880-1929) – university Jubilee quartet  – Minstrel Jubilee quartet – community-Based jubilee quartets -Sharp note/sacred harp quartet -Barbershop community quartets Translation Period (1930-1945) -migration North -urbanization -black churches -touring -song battle gospel period ( -performance style -instrumesnts – secular repertoire – led by spirit performance style – clapping and rhtymn  quartet ]: lead […]

Jubilee Quartet

Jubilee quartet was of group of African-American men who would sing religious music in the early 20th century. The Fisk Jubilee singers were the first to make the jubilee style popular. There are three main periods that the jubilee quartet consist of.  The first period of the jubilee quartets is the jubilee period. The jubilee […]

Jubilee Quartets

Emergence and Rise of Jubilee Quartets Jubilee Quartets consist of at least four harmonious voices. They emerged around the 1800s, with a specific type called University Jubilee Quartet, founded by the American Missionary Association. These groups shared a common trend of singing to fundraise for their institutions to remain open.   A well known subsidiary […]

Shedding Some Light on Underrated Jubilee Quartets

Shedding Some Light on Underrated Jubilee Quartets Jubilee Quartet Background History The Jubilee Quartet genre began in the mid-1800’s, which came from the African American university singing movement. There were three distinct periods throughout the progression of Jubilee Quartets. The first period was from 1880-1929 which is referred to as the jubilee period. The second […]

The Transnational Movement of Jubilee Quartets

The Transnational Movement of Jubilee Quartets After the negro spiritual period, the jubilee period splits into three sections, jubilee (1880-1929), transitional (1930-45), and gospel (1946-49). Focusing on the transitional period, key factors that elevated jubilee music into a notable American music genre was its migration to the north, urbanization, and touring. These three factors bolstered […]

Can Jubilee It?

Can Jubileeve It? Thesis Jubliee quartets are an important part of African-American music because they broke barriers and created space for African-American artists to compete with their white counterparts. About A jubilee quartet is a group of four singers that create arrangements for negro spirituals. The first jubilee quartet was the Tuskegee Quartet. Ella Sheppard, […]

The Soul Stirrers: Jubilee Quartet

The Soul Stirrers: Jubilee Quartet Origins of Jubilee Quartet and Jubilee Singing The Jubilee style of singing started in the 1870’s when the Fisk Jubilee singers popularized the singing of negro spirituals in a style that emphasized musical expression and the techniques of western musical traditions. Background The soul stirrers were a jubilee quartet formed […]

The Mills Brothers

The Mills Brothers WHO WERE THE MILLS BROTHERS? The American vocal quartet that among the most unique and influential in the history of both jazz and mainstream popular music.  The Mills Brothers began as a barbershop quartet. They gave their first public performances in variety shows on the radio in  Cincinnati, Ohio. In […]

The Rise of Jubilee Quartets

The Rise of Jubilee Quartets The Jubilee Quartets consist of three separate time periods: the Jubilee Period (1880-1929), the Transitional Period (1930-1945), and the Gospel Period (1946-1969). Each of these time periods consist of very distinct, yet important sounds and artists that went on to shape generations of African American music that we still […]

The Five Blind Boys of Mississippi

The Jubilee Time Period Jubilee is a style of singing that emerged out of university quartets, and is usually sung acapella. The Fisk Jubilee singers popularized the style and influenced other HBCU’s to start their own school singing groups. Different types of Jubilee quartets exist/have existed including barbershop, minstrel and community-based. About The Five Blind […]

Take Six – The Grammy Winning Jubilee Sextet

Take Six – The Grammy Winning Jubilee Sextet Where did Jubilee singing come from ? Jubilee singing originated from Fisk University where students formed a vocal group that would sing negro spirituals and practice a style of music called “Flatfooted” singing. The name Jubilee came from the “Jewish year of Jubilee” mentioned in the book […]

How Jubilee Quartets Transitioned With Black America

What Sparked the Transition? The Great Migration took place between 1910-1920, in which Blacks from rural areas of the South migrated to the North in an effort to receive better educational and social opportunities. As a result of this migration, Black communities created an influx of personal religious, social, and economic opportunities. As The Great […]

Jubilee- The Dixie Hummingbirds

The Dixie Hummingbirds Origin Jubilee quartets were popularized during the early 20th century. Some different type of quartets include: university, minstrel, barbershop and community-based jubilee quartets. Jubilee quartets didn’t contain improvisation, but some quartets had groups with a designated lead.  Elements The name quartet in the African American tradition is not defined by the number […]

The Golden Gates Quartet: the Gospel Songs & Spirituals

Original Members: whats the tea? Robert “Peg” Ford(left band, 1936): Bass A.C. “Eddie” Griffin (left band 1935): Tenor Willie Johnson: Baritone Willie Langford (replaced Griffin, 1935): Tenor Henry Owens: First Tenor Orland us Wilson(replaced Ford,1936): Bass Tenor  Where Did They Start? Originated in the Norfolk suburb of Berkeley, VA this close-harmony black spiritual, jazz undertone, […]

Norfolk Jazz & Jubilee Quartet

Origin and Influences The Norfolk Jazz and Jubilee quartet was founded in Virgin around 1919. They were influenced by the sounds of their region as well as the scat like jazz that was emergent at the time of their performances. Click Here As was clear by their abilities to perform as a jubilee quartet, jazz […]

The Mills Brothers: Four Kings of Harmony

1..2..3..4… Jubilee Quartet?! Tell Me More! The Jubilee Period was from 1880-1929. This genre or style of music was derived from the negro spirituals sung by African Americans during slavery. Jubilee quartets were a form of African American a cappella groups and were given the name because of the characteristics of their performance style. Quartets sang […]