Christine Bynum

SMU

  1. What, Where, and why was “Record Row”?
    Record row was located on Michigan Ave in Chicago. It was the center of inspiration for Black music between the 1950s and 1970. It was filled with bars, shops, and many black-owned record labels. It was the first real opportunity where Black artists could perform regularly and be heard by a broad audience.
  2. Name the companies on Record Row.
    Chance, King, Brunswick, Vee-Jay, One Dreadful!, Constellation, Chess Records.
  3. Name the artists and on what label?
    Mckinley Morganfield
    Vee-jay
    Carl Davis
  4. Were specific labels known for certain types of music?
    Chess Records was known for blues with an electrical guitar spin; Muddy Waters was the heart of this label.
    Vee-Jay labels were known for their strong jazz and gospel mix. Vivian Carter Bracken and her husband, James, recorded and produced many top hits during the 1950s, working with artists like Jimmy Reed and Marion Williams.
  5. Compare Record Row to other record company creations in American cities.
    Unlike many other record companies in America, Record Row was the place for Black artists to perform and be heard by a wide variety during the 1950s-70s. It became a place of hope for Black music, where music could be listened to and practiced freely. This was particularly significant because other record companies would not allow Black music to be played and produced freely; there were always extraordinary conditions if they were even allowed. It allowed Black entrepreneurship to flourish in the Americas during the recovery of World War II.