Negro Spirituals By: Makayla Leonard
Negro spirituals were sung by slaves, who were also Christians, as a way to explain their hardships. Since they were stripped of everything, it is said to believe that singing became a place of comfort for the slaves. Negro spirituals are also a prominent form of the American folksong. Negro spirituals are still being sung in different spaces today, for example, church services all over the world. Wade in the water, swing low, and many others have become common songs in the southern Black Baptist churches. As time progressed and the Negro Spirituals become very public, white people even started singing Negro spirituals. Negro spirituals derived from folk music in terms of its elements. I feel that the biggest components of negro spirituals are its connection to Christianity and to the many troubles of African American peoples.
Negro spirituals are songs created by Africans who were brought to America to be enslaved against their will. Although they had their language, families, and cultures taken away from them, they still held on to their music. The singing and creation of Negro spirituals was very important to the enslaved people because it aided them in overcoming their oppression. The singing of these songs also reflected the enslaved people’s need to express their newfound faith. Not only were spirituals used to uplift the slaves, but they also used them to communicate with each other without their masters knowing.
Characteristics of Negro Spirituals
Spirituals can fall into 3 different categories:
Call and response: This is when a leader sings the first line and then it is repeated back by a chorus. ex. ( “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot, Go Down Moses”)
Slow and melodic: this type of spiritual is typically expressed with sustained, and meaningful phrasing, generally is done in a slower tempo.
Fast and Rhythmic: these songs usually tell a story in a faster rhythm and also uses syncopation. ex. (“Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho”)