The roots of Black musical theater are founded in circuses, dime museums and minstrel show. These shows intended to create a mockery of Black personalities and physical attributes, After the Civil War, musical performance grew gradually. The 19th century showed the development of the American musical stage. The introduction of ragtime and Black performers who frequently traveled were two aspects that contributed to this growth.
Between the years of 1911 and 1920, Black theatre entered a period of decline. However, Jazz, which clearly defined the “Black intellectual” resulted in a tremendous comeback for Black musicians and performers. Black authors wrote for stage mostly commonly in song-and-dance acts. Beyond racism and lack of opportunity for African Americans during the Civil Rights era, black acts had worn off. In the 20th century, black dramatist brought new possibilities to the black musical stage.