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Music in the 1930s and 40s

By: Sierra Simmons

Jazz originated in New Orleans and its roots can be found in the musical traditions of both African and European cultures. Beginning in the 1930s with that start of the Great Depression Swing jazz emerged as a dominant form in American and was the start of bands and groups forming and performing at social clubs.

Influential People

Theolonious Munk

Ella Fitzgerald

Charlie Parker

Bessie Smith

Billie Holiday

Bud Powell

John Coltrane

Miles Davis

Key Concepts of the period

Harlem renaissance

Trad Jazz


Swing Band

The Big Four

The Effect of Jazz

In the late 1930s and early 1940s During World War 2, men were recruited and drafted to the military and the club and music scene seemed to have come to an end for both white and black artists. However, African American revolted from the social conformity and played music at descrete places and this promoted individualism.


Jazz during the 1930s and 40s brought different styles of music together such as ragtime, folk, blues, classical ,and other that promoted individualism and helped to raise people’s spirits in day to day life during this time when doing things like dancing and singing and simply enjoying life was hard. key figures such as John Coltrane and Miles Davis helped revolutionalize jazz music and these figures as well as many other effects can be still be felt in jazz music today.