What are Jubilee Quartets?
Where does the name derive?
Types of Jubilee Quartets
Jubilee Quartet is a musical style and Jubilee Quartets are popular African American religious musical groups. They emerged in the mid 1800’s as a result of the African American university singing movement. They may be recognized as early acapella groups due to the characteristics of their performances. These characteristics include singing with little to no instruments. Therefore, the majority of the harmonies (if not all) were created from their voices. These ensembles consisted of four to six voices maximum. Although quartet stands for “four,” this does not mean there are only four voices. Four simply represents the four part harmonies in which they sing– first tenor, second tenor, baritone (usually the lead singer), and bass parts.
It derives from a group of singers organized by George L. White at Fisk University in 1871 to sing Negro spirituals.
Minstrel Jubilee Quartets
Community Based Jubilee Quartets
Shape Note/Sacred Harp Quartets
Barbershop Community Quartets