The Jubilee Quartet can be described as a group of four black men who sang together. This definition does not explain the true importance of this pioneering genre.
The Jubilee Quartet sung throughout three different genres and times of music, showcasing their talent and versatility. The first period was called the Jubilee Period, and it occurred during the 20’s. At this time the Jubilee Quartet can be described as four voices and one harmony without any beat or instruments in addition.
The second era of the Jubilee Quartet was the Transitional Period. This specific genre of Jubilee occurred during the 30s – early 40s. Music was added to the background of their four voice harmony. The beat that was now added to the singing, caused their music to be more rhythmic. Their new rhythmic vibe resulted in them traveling to churches as more people became interested in their music.
The third era of the Jubilee Quartet was the Gospel Period. It bloomed during the late 40s and continued to the 50s. This era combined the harmony and beat from the first and second era with stomp and shake. The rhythmic music attracted movement and dancing.
The Jubilee Quartet performance growth aided the creation of Black performance style of today. The addition of movement lasted throughout time because black people have not stopped moving when performing passionately. By adding more musical characteristics the Jubilee Quartet made it evident that the black community was ready to express themselves in more ways emotionally. Thus their pioneering led to growth within the black community and a genre that was built on being an emotional outlet: Gospel