Jazz By Makayla Leonard  

Jazz originated in New Orleans, Louisiana from the 1920s to the present. This genre is a mix of ragtime and blues. There are many different genres of jazz like modal, funk, fusion, bebop, traditional, swing, and others. Different jazz genres specialize in specific categories. 

Bebop uses the piano and bass drum and is for the listening audience rather than the dancing audience. Bebop developed from the mid 1940s to the mid 1950s. Jazz also had a big influence on the Harlem Renaissance. It was a time for African Americans to express their struggles and celebrate black art and culture. Jazz has influenced music that we listen to today. A fun fact is that New Orleans Jazz was the earliest form of jazz. 

 Jazz was extremely popular in the Black church, specifically in the form of call and response. Free jazz is an approach to jazz that embodies the improvisation of instruments and sound to the artist’s liking. It was birthed in the late 1950’s but reaches its peak in the ‘60s, staying popular throughout the remaining peak of the genre’s time. Free jazz was very well known and popular amongst musicians because of its absence of predetermined chord progressions, melodic structures, and composition as a whole as they fell in love with the nature of changing keys as they played. 

Types of Jazz

  • Classical
  • Swing
  • Bebop
  • Modal
  • Free
  • Fusion
  • Scat
  • Improvisation

Notable Artists

  • Buddy Bolden
  • Branford Marsalis
  • Ornette Coleman
  • Herbie Hancock
  • John Coltrain
  • Billie Holiday
  • Lester Young
  • Tony Hawkins
  • Charlie Parker