Jazz

Jazz is African American Classical music. Along with gospel music, ragtime, and blues contributed to the formation of Jazz Music.

New Orleans had a presence of French, Spanish and Creole and African American populations created diverse mixture for Jazz Music. Chicago’s southside clubs also produced a lot of young musicians. 

Jazz Musicians

  • Louis Armstrong- Armstrong defined expansive improvisational style which went on to become the hallmark of jazz. He moved away from melodic paraphrase to more elaborate improvisation guided by underlying harmonies rather than the melody alone.
  • Duke Ellington- Ellington created new brass like jungle sounds, he also used augmented chords.
  • Charlie Parker KoKo- Koko illustrated signature features of bebop melodic style which included a long succession of up tempo eighth notes and the use of chromatic approach notes.
  • Thelonius Monk- His reputation stemmed more so from the originality of his compositions.

More Jazz Musicians

  • Miles Davis
  • John Coltrane
  • Dizzy Gillespie
  • Herbie Hancock
  • Keith Jarrett
  • Count Basie
  • Billie Holiday
  • Ella Fitzgerald 
  • Ornette Coleman
  • Wynton Marsalis 

Different Forms of Jazz

Jazz Videography