Folk music originated in the South, the land of soul, spirituals, and rich harmonies. Slaves created this style of music in order to communicate their struggle and ambitions of hope and liberation. Music, art, and dance were very important during this time period, as it gave African Americans a mode of expression and allowed them to maintain their culture despite being enslaved.
Call-and-Response was a very important musical styling used in folk music. It consisted of a lead calling out a line with a group answering. Pattin Juba was also an element within this genre, it was a dance used to tell stories through song.