The story of Jazz notes

By Essence Ward

The story of jazz  

  • Jazz is more upbeat than classical music. 
  • People who wanted to play jazz were looked down on 
  • Jazz came from many diff cultures  
  • Jazz came when africans taken to Caribbean and came into contact with European culture 
  • Thrived in new Orleans b/c it was the gateway from the Caribbean 
  • Congo Square was the main place jazz was born, its where slaves were allowed to freely perform their religion on Sundays  
  • Instruments included a vase filled with pebbles or corn, triangles or twig from jews hearts, jawbone from ox or mule Banjo was the main instruments tho 
  • Cottshcack took what he heard from congo square in the 1830’s and became very popular making the banjo popular internationally. 
  • Banjo then became used a lot in minstrel shows.  
  • Ragtime was strongly influenced by congo square through cottshcack. He influenced scott joplen. Was an extension of cottschack 
  • Ragtime even went back to affect jazz in new Orleans  
  • Charles “buddy” bolden was the first real jazz “king” 
  • Buddy Bolden, Freddy Kepret, Joe Oliver and Louis Armstrong the kings of trumpet, of jazz 
  • Louis Armstrong is the model of all jazz now  
  • First opera company in America was in new Orleans during the turn of the century with all the European, African and Caribbean culture  
  • 1912 jazz was brought to california  
  • Dixieland of jazz called themselves the creators of jazz but wasn’t very believable  
  • Storyville closing forced many musicians out to other places  
  • Joe “king” Oliver went to Chicago 
  • Black and white artists were competing for jazz  
  • Lill harland first notable female jazz musician hired by oe oliver who adapted to the Chicago sound with a pianist 
  • Armstrong affected many other musical styles including the piano  
  • Flecther Anderson jazz arranger with best band  
  • Carl stopmans made the saxophone a serious jazz instrument 
  • Duke Ellington came to new York in 1923 and gained a reputation as band leader and composer  
  • New York Harlem was becoming the hotspot for black music  
  • Ellington orchestra played at cotton club in new York and became with the breeding place  
  • Ellington was to orchestration what armstong was to improv  
  • Ellingtons band was solid not many musicians left, allowing for better writing and letting it to be placed in a class of its own. 
  • Ellington addressed jazz as entertainment and art/class 
  • In 1930’s jazz was greatly travelled all over the world 
  • Kansas City became the new hotspot after the great depression  
  •  Lester Yelly became popular on tenor saxophone. 
  • Barry E Williams first leading ladies of modern jazz 
  • Dancehalls when people would dance until they fell out 
  • Swing became the dance of jazz  
    • Lady day  
    • Billie Holiday transferred voice into an instrument  
    • Bessie Smith the empresses of the blues, first significant jazz vocalist 
    • ELLA fitzgerald performed at apollo and became very successful by combining jazz and pop making skat.  
    • The street that never sleeps in new york where a lot of jazz was performed, on 52nd street. 
    • Bebop combination of all elements, concentration on swing with new scifientific ways of playing lines  
    • Myles Davis  
    • Everybody played bebop a little different, most musicians thought of it as a new jazz 
    • Charlie parker brought a new approach to playing music with his long lines,  
    • Monk composed a lot, had his own style which was minor with 6 and a bass. 
    • John coltrain began a new wave