Hip-Hop emerged in the 1970s in Bronx, New York. Clive Campbell created the genre based on his Jamaican tradition. Hip-Hop became extremely popular in the years between the 1990s and 2000s. The 90s is when hip hop artists began to draw on the black power visual culture for racial protest within their own music. Hip Hop and Rap told stories of injustice, bringing communities together

East Coast versus West Coast

Though the two hip-hop scenes were united in their message, rivalries emerged between the coasts, peaking during Tupac Shakur and The Notorious B.I.G’s infamous feud. In the West, rappers such as Snoop Dogg and Dr. Dre epitomized gangster rap, with lyrics and funk beats that often glorified their drug use and violence. Rappers on the East Coast from Nas to Mobb Deep ushered in the East Coast Renaissance, known for its aggressive, hard-hitting style. 

Women in Hip Hop

Women’s role in hip-hop changed in the 90’s. Hip-hop on record started because of Sylvia Robinson, who is the founder and CEO of hip-hop label Sugar Hill Records. Wendy Day was involved in almost every superstar artist and entrepreneurial deal in the 90’s. Women behind the scenes were very vital but women artists also changed the tempo in the 90’s. Lil Kim and Foxy Brown changed what it meant to be a woman in hip-hop