The Jubilee quartet genre started in the mid 1800’s. The name originated from Fisk University’s Fisk Jubilee Singers. This genre is also called the African American Quartet. The Fisk Jubilee Singers were extremely popular and often sang negro spirituals. They were the first jubilee quartet to tour and be compensated. The quartet usually consists of four male singers the low bass, baritone (usually the soloist), 2nd tenor, and high tenor.
The influence of the jubilee quartet is seen in many genres today. One major impact it had was in gospel music. The aspect of the many layers of harmony is quite evident. Some artist who still incorporate some aspects of the jubilee quartet are the Five Blind Boys of Alabama and The Walls Group. These groups are modern day versions of jubilee quartets. These groups are keeping this genre alive.