Can Hip Hop lyrics be Blamed for the Promotion of Violence?

Background Gangsta rap emerged in the late 1980’s.  Messages were portrayed through conscious hiphop which caused political uproar. Lyric Dissection (Point) “Violence in rap music has proven to be pervasive in how the youth identifies with it. Lyrics in rap music are a reflection of an oppositional culture and aids in the shaping adolescents into […]

Introduction: Maya Brown

Hello! My name is Maya Brown. I am a sophomore economics major from Augusta, Ga. I am taking this class to fulfill my fine arts credit but I am very excited to learn more about African American influences within the different genres of music. I also am excited to learn more about the different genres […]


Ragtime became popular towards the end of the 1800s. It is the early predecessor to what we know of today is jazz. It was first played within heavily congregated areas within the black communities after the Civil War. It is most often defined as a duality between written music and oral tradition and Jazz and […]

Jubilee Quartets

Jubilee Quartets originated in the mid-1800s within the African American university singing movement.  They were the earliest forms of African American a cappella groups and were given the name because of the characteristics of their performance style. These groups were often made up of a minimum of four vocalists and a maximum of six. An […]


Negro Spirituals were songs sung by slaves in the early 1800s and are recognized as the earliest form of religious music among African Americans.  Slaves used these spirituals to express their religious faith, feelings, celebration, and the hope they had of getting to freedom. Slaves added elements like hand clapping and body movement to further […]