R&B: The 5th Stream

The New Millennium   The fusion R&B creations of independent composers ignited the careers of many new artists in the 1990s. Two production techniques were prevalent in R&B by the end of the 1990s: collaborations amongst rhythm and blues/soul singers with rappers and sampling choruses and chorus lines from rhythm and blues/soul records from the […]

New Orleans Jazz

Traditional New Orleans Jazz   Traditional New Orleans jazz is a musical genre with distinguishing poetic features that within a discrete, social framework, are connected to festival traditions and is very huge in the development of jazz. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5SS9EnD_-_Yhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zUALSF5luTUhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tTHVqkK2JSc By passing strict segregation legislation in 1894 that reclassified the “gens de couleur” as Black, New Orleans […]

Empress of the Blues: Bessie Smith

Bessie Smith: ‘Empress of the Blues’ The strong, soulful voice of jazz and blues vocalist Bessie Smith won her numerous fans and earned her the title ‘Empress of the Blues.’ Life of Bessie Smith   At a young age, Bessie Smith started to sing and signed a contract with Columbia Records in 1923. She was […]

Jubilee Quartet: The Blind Boys of Alabama

Jubilee Quartets Jubilee quartets also known as the African American quartet, is a unique singing form that started in the mid- 1800s and is derived from the historically black college and university singing movement. Jubilee quartets were extremely popular and the name derives from the Fisk Jubilee Singers, who were a group at singers at […]

Women in Ragtime: Winifred Atwell

Ragtime Ragtime is a musical style created by black people in the late 1800s. Ragtime existed long before it was even given the name “ragtime”. By the turn of the century, the term “ragtime” had a whole meaning. It was defined as a performance style and practices applied to composing and playing popular song, dance, […]

History of The Negro Spiritual: The Fisk Jubilee Singers

Fisk Jubilee Singers https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GUvBGZnL9rE The Fisk Jubilee Singers are students and singers at Fisk University in Nashville, Tennessee, who sing and travel all over the world. The original Fisk Jubilee Singers introduced “slave songs” to the world in the late 1800s and were extremely influential in maintaining this different African American musical tradition we know […]

Black Women in Folk Music

Sweet Honey in the Rock Sweet Honey in the Rock is an all woman, African American folk music troupe. They are a three time Grammy Award nominated group who use their history as not only women, but African American women to tell stories through music, dance and sign language. Originally there were only four members […]