Author: Elioenai Rufen-Blanchette

The Cultural Roots of Hip Hop

The History of Hip Hop Hip Hop first emerged in largely African American, Afro-Caribbean, and Latino communities of the Bronx and then spread to Harlem and other boroughs of New York City in the early

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The Evolution of Gospel Music

Following the Great Migration of Blacks from the agrarian South in the period surrounding World Wars I and II to urban cities, Gospel music evolved as the twentieth-century form of African American religious music.  Despite

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Atlantic Records: R&B

Rhythm and blues evolved during World War II and is a form of Black dance music.  Its development is associated with economic, demographic, and social changes that occurred in American society during the 1940s and

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Black and Blues

The term “blues” was used to identify a new type of song emerging from Black communities in the southern United States by the end of the first decade of the twentieth century.  New and different

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Jazz Music: John Coltrane

During the twentieth century, Jazz was widely regarded as the pinnacle of African American music, distinguished by its professionalism and artistry, the originality and improvisation, and the virtuosity and erudition of its performers and composers.

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Norfolk Jubilee Quartet

Background A jubilee quartet is historically defined as a vocal ensemble that consisted of a minimum of four voices and a maximum of six voices, performing formal arrangements of spirituals and jubilee songs in a

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The African American Development of Folk Music

Origins of Folk Music The influence of folk music on contemporary African American music has been immeasurable. There are features that look at African American music as a part of African cultural continuum, and they

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