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Handy, W. C. Blues, An Anthology. Introduction by Abbe Niles. New York: Boni & Boni, 1926.
———. Father of the Blues. New York: Macmillan and Co., 1941.
“William ‘W. C.” Handy.” Edited by Elliott Hurwitt, Encyclopedia of Alabama, 24 Feb. 2009, www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/article/h-2042.
Gussow, Adam. “Racial Violence, ‘Primitive’ Music, and the Blues Entrepreneur: W. C. Handy’s Mississippi Problem. (Essay).” Southern Cultures, University of North Carolina Press, 22 Sept. 2002, www.questia.com/library/journal/1G1-92202241/racial-violence-primitive-music-and-the-blues.