Kirk Franklin: The Holy Dope Dealer

By: Kennedy Danielle Mebane

Thesis

Kirk Franklin pushes the boundaries of gospel music as we know it today. His lyrical style, crossing over to the secular charts, and his controversial lifestyle heavily influence how he and his music are able to reach the masses.

Introduction/Summary

Kirk Dewayne Franklin, is the most successful contemporary gospel artists of his generation. He is known in the gospel community as the “Michael Jackson of Gospel Music”. Kirk Franklin isn’t a singer but he plays the piano, he’s a songwriter, but in performances and on his albums his role is mostly one of the hype man. Over the past 25 years, there hasn’t been a more prominent name in gospel music. By merging hip-hop with gospel, he brought the sound of the club scene into the church and it was not well received by everyone. Kirk Franklin’s career spans from his first album Kirk Franklin & The Family in 1993 to his most recent album entitled Losing My Religion in 2015.

Early Childhood

Kirk Franklin is from Fort Worth, Texas and was raised by his Aunt Gertrude after being abandoned by his mother when he was a baby. His aunt sold aluminum cans to raise money for Kirk to take piano lessons at the age of four. From a very young age, Kirk Franklin excelled in music and was able to read, write, and play by ear. At the age of seven, he received his first contract offer but his aunt turned it down so that he can focus on school. When he was twelve years old, Kirk became the music director of the Mt. Rose Baptist Church choir. Like most teenagers, despite growing up in the church, Kirk became very rebellious so he was sent to a professional youth conservatory. After his acceptance into the conservatory, he found out his girlfriend became pregnant and was later expelled because of behavior infractions.

            Under the guidance of Jewell Kelly, Kirk Franklin was afforded the opportunity to become the student accompanist for the Singing Chaparrals at Oscar Dean Wyatt High School. After the sudden death of one his best friends’ Kirk Franklin put his focus back into the church and began to direct the choir again. During that time, he also co-founded a gospel group entitled, The Humble Hearts. This group recorded an original composition of Kirk Franklin and it gained the attention of music legend Milton Biggham. This meeting later afforded Kirk to lead the DFW Mass Choir in a recording of his song “Every Day with Jesus”, after this Milton Biggham hired Franklin at 20 years old to lead the choir at the 1990 Gospel Music Workshop of America Convention which is a big deal in the gospel music industry.

Kirk Franklin & The Family (1992-2000)

Previous
Next

In 1992, Kirk Franklin formed “The Family” which included a seventeern-voice choir that he created from his various friends. That same year, the co-founder of record label GospoCentric, Vicki Mack Latalillade, immediately signed the group to her label after just hearing their demo tape. One year later, Kirk Franklin & The Family released their debut album and it spent almost two years on the Gospel music charts and it also charted on the R&B charts. Their debut album eventually reached platinum status, remained No. 1 on the Billboard Top Gospel Albums for over 40 weeks, and became the first gospel album to sell over one million copies. In 1995 the group released a Christmas album entitled Kirk Franklin & The Family Christmas and one year later they also released Watcha Lookin’ 4 which earned a 2x platinum and a Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Soul Gospel Album for Kirk Franklin. In 1997 Kirk Franklin collaborated with another group called God’s Property brought us the lead single his entitled Stomp that featured Cheryl “Salt” James of the hip-hop group (Salt-N-Pepa). The music video for Stomp was heavily played on MTV and other music stations which charted at No. 1 on the R&B singles airplay for two weeks, also, God’s Property from Kirk Franklin’s Nu Nation was No. 1 on the R&B albums chart for five weeks, No. 3 on the pop charts, was 3x platinum certified. This album also earned Kirk Franklin three Grammy nominations and another Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Soul Gospel Album.

Controversy Within The Family

In November of 1998 God’s Property sued Kirk Franklin and GospoCentric for $5.5 million, claiming fraud and breach of contract. The suits allege that five members of the group were unpaid for their work on the CD “Nu Nation Project”.  Later on, a similar lawsuit was filed claiming that Kirk Franklin and GospoCentric coerced the members to sign a one-sided contract with a sub-division of GospoCentric Records entitled B-Rite Music. The group also accused GospoCentric of not paying them for the work on the 1997 album, “God’s Property from Kirk Franklin’s Nu Nation”. The fallout of these suits resulted in Kirk Franklin venturing off into a solo career which he still continues to this day.

Solo Career (2001-present)

In 2001, Kirk Franklin explored a new territory which was scoring and producing the soundtrack for the film Kingdom Come which starred Lorretta DeVine and LL Cool J. This soundtrack featured gospel artists including Mary Mary, Trin-i-tee 5:7, and Crystal Lewis. From 2001 Kirk Franklin has had an album or a single on the charts, this includes the works that he has written for other artists. Throughout his solo career, Kirk Franklin has released 9 solo albums, has won one American Music Award for Favorite Contemporary Inspirational Artists in 2006, he has been nominated for five Dove Awards and has one 16 of them. Kirk Franklin has also been nominated for 10 Grammy Awards and has won 12 Grammys. Lastly, Kirk Franklin has been nominated for 15 Stellar Awards and has won 23 of them.

Bringing Church to the Streets

Kirk Franklin’s unprecedented mesh of religious text and messages with secular beats paved the way for artists like Chance the Rapper’s Coloring Book and Kanye West’s The Life of Pablo. In a 1997 Vibe cover story Kirk Franklin goes so far as to call himself a “holy dope dealer”. He has been quoted saying that he has always felt the pull of hip-hop and hip-hop culture and he felt in order to reach the younger generation he had to give them something they would want to listen to. His iconic balled “Lean on Me” which was released in 1998 called on the help of hip-hop/R&B mainstream artists Mary J. Blige and R. Kelly. In that same year Franklin released “Revolution” whose lyrics mimic those of Marvin Gay’s “Inner City Blues” and the music video for the song looks like it directly reflects Missy Elliot’s visual style in her song “Supa Fly”. By making gospel music adapt to the youth instead of making the youth adapt to traditional gospel music, Kirk Franklin single-handedly gave gospel music a much-needed revitalization. 

 “Gospel music is not a sound; gospel music is a message. Gospel music means good news. It’s good-news music.”

Kirk Franklin

Discography

Bibiography

http://www.thefader.com/2016/05/19/kirk-franklin-gospel-hip-hop-chance-the-rapper

http://www.mtv.com/news/1429130/kirk-franklin-and-label-sued-for-55-million/

https://www.npr.org/2016/01/31/464562711/gospel-star-kirk-franklin-wants-to-help-you-lose-your-religion

https://www.allmusic.com/artist/milton-biggham-mn0000392565/songs

https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2017/01/16/how-kirk-franklin-is-pushing-the-boundaries-of-gospel

Other Works By The Author

Black Life

Before I came to Spelman I thought that I had a great understanding of the struggles that African-Americans go through in this country. When I

Read More »

Kennedy Mebane-Billie Holiday

Billie Holiday Thesis Explain why she’s important to music Contribution significance Biographical Info Childhood Birth & life education First exposure to singing Rise to Fame

Read More »

The Mills Brothers

The Mills Brothers, sometimes billed The Four Mills Brothers, and originally known as The Four Kings of Harmony were a Jubilee Quartet. They made more

Read More »

Kierra Sheard

Kierra Valencia “KiKi” Sheard is the daughter of gospel singer Karen Clark Sheard (member of gospel singing group The Clark Sisters and the granddaughter of gospel

Read More »

Copyright © 2017 Kennedy Mebane

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website.