1890s – 1900s

Jubilee Period (1880-1929)

– university Jubilee quartet 

– Minstrel Jubilee quartet

– community-Based jubilee quartets

-Sharp note/sacred harp quartet

-Barbershop community quartets

Translation Period (1930-1945)

-migration North


-black churches


-song battle

gospel period (

-performance style


– secular repertoire

– led by spirit performance style

– clapping and rhtymn 

quartet ]:

lead is baritone

base  is the a

high who imagine instruments 

jubilee terms :



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